January 4, 2015 Purpose of the Decalogue

Purpose of the Decalogue

A recurring question from New Testament believers, especially new ones, is their relationship to the 10 Commandments, since Christians are saved by grace.  (Ephesians 2.8-9; John 3.16, 14.6)  But, what did Jesus, the grace-Giver, say was His relationship to the Decalogue?  Matthew 5.17 explains that Jesus completed the Law, as Paul said was needful, in Galatians 3.21.  So, then, the 10 Commandments are about Jesus, as Paul continued in Galatians 3.22-28.  This, alone, is justification for a study of the Decalogue.  Additionally, why could Jesus never violate them?  He answered this in John 14.8-11 and explained this deeper in John 17.20-23.  He could not violate His character.  Therefore, the Decalogue reveals the character of the Trinity – of God the Father, of God the Son, and of God the Holy Spirit – and it is this character that must shine through Christians.  Thus, your connection!

It’s all about God’s glory!

  • 1 Peter 4.10-11 reminds you that you are stewards of the gifts that God gave you, enumerated by Paul in 1 Corinthians 12.4-11, and that God is glorified when you use them.  How are you doing at this?  Can you identify daily activities glorifying God?
  • Jesus told His disciples that His pending crucifixion would glorify God and Himself, in John 13.31-32, fulfilling what He had said in John 12.31-32.  Notice God and Jesus, both, talked about glory being in the name ‘Jesus’, in John 12.28!  You, too, glorify the name of Jesus whenever you ‘work out your salvation’, as Paul wrote in Philippians 2.9-13. That is, you glorify ‘Jesus’ when the name is your salvation. Acts 3.16 and 4.12!
  • Paul summed up your lifestyle responsibility in 1 Corinthians 10.31; a life lived to the glory of God!  This is your offering given to God.  Romans 12.1-2.
  • God made you for His glory!  Isaiah 43.7, 10-11.

Your response is to love God, only and completely.

  • Jesus said that your obedience to His commandments triggers God’s love to you and Jesus’ greater revelation of Himself to you, in John 14.21.
  • Jesus lived the Decalogue, the character of God, as He said in John 12.49 and 5.19-20.
  • The vision of this was given by Jesus in Matthew 6.10.  Is this your vision for the daily completion of your lifestyle?  Is this why you do what you do?  If not, why not?
  • Your love must be as complete as Jesus said in Matthew 22.37-38. This had not changed since Moses stated the same to Israel in Deuteronomy 6.5.  It has not changed today, either!  This command is perpetual!  Isaiah 44.8.
  • Commandments 1-4 tell you how to love God with all that you are.  Exodus 20.1-11.

Your response is to love others, too.

  • Exodus 20.12-17 detail what Jesus meant in Matthew 22.39.
  • Jesus illustrated the conceptual meaning of this verse with His story about the wealthy Samaritan who did what a Pharisee and rabbi would not.  Remember this in Luke 10.25-37.  What is Jesus command?  Matthew 7.12.  Jesus remembered Leviticus 19.18.
  • Jesus also illustrated Matthew 22.39 in His dealings with the Rich Young man in Mark 10.17-23. Which of the Decalogue did Jesus leave out?  How does Jesus last comment explain the omission?  Are you guilty?

In Matthew 22.40, Jesus reduced the 10 Commandments down to two.

  • He, even, summarized all the prophesies of the Old Testament therein, too!
  • Jesus said you should express this, His character!  How do you compare?

Praise God!!!  Copyright © by Maurice L. Painter, 2015.  www.sozoclass.com