March 10, 2019 “AND”


Have you noticed how power small words can be? “But” negates what was written or spoken before. “One” and “only” eliminate all others, but “all” enlarges those inclusion. And, “and” can add to “a” series of connected items or, alternatively, imply “but” to connected conditional provisions. So, where do you find both uses of “and” in John 14.15-17 & 26?

The Conditional “And”

Jesus emphasizes the importance of obeying God’s Commandments by connecting John 14.15 & 16 with “and” (except in NASB).

  1. What is the first benefit?
  2. What second benefit does Jesus discuss in John 14.21, and how can He accomplish this from Heaven (Psalm 110.1-2)?
  3. What third benefit does Jesus discuss in John 14.23? How is this accomplished? Is this the ‘scepter’ of Psalm 110.2?
  4. How does John 14.24 negate all three benefits?

The Provisional “And”

Jesus emphasizes the importance of the Kingdom of God by connecting the sacred and secular in John 14.26 with “and” (even in the NASB).

  1. How does John 1.4 & 9explain the secular part?
  2. How do John 5.19-20and John 12.49explain the sacred part?
  3. What is the message of Matthew 6.33and Jeremiah 9.23-24that amplifies the connection of the sacred and secular parts?

Is “Another” like the Others?

Jesus introduces the Holy Spirit with some interesting words in John 14.15-17 & 26.

For instance, Jesus refers to the Holy Spirit as “another” Helper; verse 16.

  1. “Another” can infer equality or variation.
  2. What continuity is inferred in the word “another”?
  3. How does this relate to John 14.8-11?

How does “Helper” add understanding?

  1. What Old Testament evidence identifies God as a “Helper”?
  2. What New Testament evidence identifies Jesus as a “Helper”?
  3. What evidence is different between Father and Son?

Remember John 5.19-20 and 12.49.

  1. The Greek word for “another” means of the same kind; “someone” like Jesus to take His place and do His “work” (MacArthur Bible Study Notes). Consequently, how are John 17.18 and Mark 16.20 possible
  2. How does this consideration help you to understand what Jesus means by “Helper”? In light of this, what does Jesus mean in John 14.12? Since Jesus does not mean “greater” in magnitude (after all, what is greater than Matthew 10.7-8?), what does He mean? How does Psalm 110.2 and Luke 10.17-19 clarify Jesus’ use of “greater”?

The Amplified Bible (2015 Update) includes the following descriptors of “Helper” (John 14.16, 26). We should expect these in our lives, just as the Abraham, Moses and others in the Old Testament experienced these during their journeys with Jesus the Father and the disciples experienced during their journeys with Jesus the Son. When have you experienced Jesus the Holy Spirit as each of these? (The following definitions are from the dictionary on my MacBook Air computer.)

  1. Comforter: “provides consolation”. John 14.18-20; has mankind ever been abandoned by

God? See Hebrews 13.5-6.

  1. Advocate: “One Who recommends or supports a particular cause or policy; Who pleads on

someone else’s behalf (like an attorney)”. See Romans 8.16-17 and John 15.26.

  1. Intercessor- (“intervenes on behalf of another, especially in prayer”; John 14.16 is Jesus’ first intercession for His.

“AND” 190303/10

Praise God!!! Copyright © by Maurice L. Painter, 2019.


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